Sanganer – A lesser known town in Jaipur
Sanganer is a town in the city of Jaipur where the airport is located. Jaipur the Pink City is full of vibrant forts and wonderful places to visit, makes Sanganer convenient miss while we cruise end to end in and around Jaipur.
Sanganer is best when we take a walking tour. You will marveled to see this small district exports more goods that the entire Jaipur. The manufacturing units produce Sanganeri print fabrics, hand made paper, blue pottery artefacts. Centuries old monuments and temples makes this place a must visit.
A hand-block printing technique originated almost 5 centuries ago. Developed between 16th or 17th century by craftsmen who were forced to migrate from Gujarat to Rajasthan due to constant wars between Marathas and Mughals. It became one of the major export items for the East India Company, and its trademark was the original dye used for printing designs. This dye soon became a matter of significance in European culture as well.
Sanganeri printing primarily uses wooden blocks but screens also are preferred for fine prints. The outlines are printed first and then the colours are filled into the patterns. For the blocks, the fabrics are stretched and marked to make it easier for the artisan to print at equal distances.
The wooden printing blocks originally belonged to a community known as the ‘chippa‘community. Hailing from Central India. The most interesting fact is that entire family, including children, get involved in the process. Today, nearly 3000 people are employed in practicing this craft on a professional level.
Most preferred fabric material is cotton, mulmul and silks. The prints can be seen on anything and everything from wearable’s to tapestry to upholstery to wall papers and even on gift wrapping material. The classiest and most stylish prints, favorites of top fashion designers across the world are Sanganeri prints.
Hand Made Paper:
An odessy and saga of 600 years . The history the clan of Khanzad Kagzis (Paper makers) dates back to the 14 century during the reign of Feroz Shah Barbak (1336 AD) at tizara in alwar district of rajasthan – India. The origin of this clan of kagzi is in India Their ancestors were not migrated from Central Asia as commonly believed. Khanzad were a significant entity during Syed dynasty of Delhi Sultanate. The characteristics and different variety of papers made by them at Tizara earned a lot of fame and popularity especially for white paper. It was mostly used by royalties for official documents , miniature paintings calligraphy, copying if religious books. Especially Quran-e-pak and for account books of traders.
Khanzad Kagzi were brought to Amber by Raja Man Singh 1(1579 -1614) ruler of Amber by the end of the 16th century. He was also the chief of Army of the Akbar the Great. He was also given the title of Farzand (Prince) by this Muhgal Emperor.
There was acute shortage of water an essential requirement for paper making at Brahampuri. Therefore they were shifted to Sanganer situated on the bank of river Saraswati just before the foundation of the Jaipur city (1727).
The craft was on a verge of extinction in the mid 19t century. As the then ruler imposed law to import mill made paper from west. Only a handful of families continued this dying art. The family of Janab Allah Bax was one of them: He was a legendry figure and master craftsman in paper making.
A lot of support moral boosting was received from the then ruler Swai Man Singh and Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi made arrangements for purchase of handmade paper from Kagzis of Sanganer. He deputed a special envoy to Sanganer for this purpose. At the instance of Mahatma Gandhi Allah Bux demonstrated the art of paper making in Haripura Congress -AI.C.C session in 1938.
As we visit the Kagazi Mohalla the settlement of Paper . The craftsmen make paper and cardboard with this very simple technique. The hand made paper ranks pretty high on the artistic scale and finds its use among all things beautiful and stylish. This industry not only supports the artisans involved in the manufacturing but also helps keep our planet clean and green by recycling various kinds of wastes to produce much useful paper. A great souvenir to carry from here would be a hand -made paper bound diary or gift packing material.
Blue Pottery is widely recognized as a traditional craft of Jaipur, though it is Turko-Persian in origin. The name ‘blue pottery’ comes from the eye-catching cobalt blue dye used to color the pottery.
The use of blue glaze on pottery is an imported technique, first developed by Mongol artisans who combined Chinese glazing technology with Persian decorative arts. This technique traveled east to India with early Turkic conquests in the 14th century. During its infancy, it was used to make tiles to decorate mosques, tombs and palaces in Central Asia. Later, following their conquests and arrival in India, the Mughals began using them in India. Gradually the blue glaze technique grew beyond an architectural accessory to Indian potters. From there, the technique traveled to the plains of Delhi and in the 17th century went to Jaipur.
Travel with Korners of India to witness the beauty of this place.